Austria is the Latinized identify of Austria. It initially solely referred to immediately’s Decrease Austria, later all the Habsburg monarchy and, within the Spanish kind Casa de Austria, its ruling dynasty. It serves as a translation for “Austria” in numerous languages and can be used as a model time period to create a reference to Austria.
The allegory of Austria, a logo of the Austrian state, is represented as a feminine determine with a mural crown in her hair and a spear in her hand, leaning on a coat of arms.
phrase origin and historical past
The identify Austria is mentioned for the primary time in a doc written in Latin by King Konrad III. dated February 25, 1147, which is stored immediately within the Klosterneuburg monastery of the Augustinian canons. It speaks of products that got away by the Austrie marchionibus, the Margraves of Austria (Marchiones Austriae).
Nonetheless, the identify doesn’t return to the Latin, however to the proto-Germanic language. The Previous Excessive German *austar- means one thing like “to the east” or “within the east”, and the Previous Icelandic Edda calls the legendary dwarf of the east Austri. Intently associated to the phrase Austria are the names Austrasia and Austrien for the dominion of East Francia and the East. The basis ôstar- can be recognizable within the older identify Ostarrîchi. In Icelandic, Austria continues to be known as Austurríki (pronounced with an preliminary “Ö”, [ˈøistʏrˈriːcɪ]). The resemblance to the Latin oyster for “south wind” and terra australis for the “southern nation” of Australia is coincidental.
For the reason that Center Ages, the archduchy of Austria has been often known as Austria and the (arch) duke of Austria as (archi-) dux Austriae. For the reason that fifteenth century, the time period domus Austriae, first documented in 1326, has been used for all the Home of Austria, however its Spanish translation Casa de Austria within the narrower sense just for the Spanish line of the Habsburgs. Austria has been often known as the nationwide allegory of Austria within the visible arts because the 18th century.
Carrying the identify of the republic in firm names
The usage of the phrase Austria in firm names (firm) or different establishments is barely permitted with federal approval. Part 16 Z2 of the German Business Code states “The corporate should not comprise any info that’s more likely to mislead about enterprise relationships which are important for the audience.” This precept was utilized in relation to the identify suffixes Austria, austro – but additionally Austria, Austrian and the names of different regional authorities, comparable to Styrian, Vienna – interpreted in such a manner that they “[are] solely permissible if it’s a firm of above-average significance or merchandise of usually Austrian character or of considerably larger high quality are manufactured.” The identical applies to golf equipment and different associations.